Short Commentary

Role of Smartphones in Smart Management of Diabetes Mellitus: A Friend Always with You

Alok Raghav1,*, Jamal Ahmad2, Saba Noor2, Brijesh Kumar Mishra3
1Department of Biological Sciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India
2Former Professor of Endocrinology, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Diabetes & Endocrinology, J.N Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002, India
3Department of Endocrinology, GTB Hospital, University of Delhi, Delhi-110069, India
*Corresponding author:

Dr. Alok Raghav, Department of Biological Sciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India. Email: alokalig@gmail.com

Smartphone technologies have efficiency to improve the self care in diabetes mellitus but still limited evidences suggestive of improve healthcare of diabetic patients. Developing countries are most to be benefitted with this technology. The smartphones are way to improve the patient’s life style, diet modification that may contribute in strict glycemic control. The service provider’s apps are the source of this technology that can help in saving lots of money spent on the diabetes care management.

The worldwide occupancy of mobile phones and smartphones device a promising approach for improvement of diabetes mellitus healthcare and self-management. The service administered through the smartphones are known as telehealth approach, in which the service providers have mandate to offer education, self-care of diabetes and also smart remote monitoring [1]. The approach for using smartphones for the self care management especially by the diabetic patients often help them to tackle with complications associated with diabetes mellitus and also simplify the regimes of complex care, including blood glucose monitoring, medications. Statistical estimation showed that the rate of smartphones is identical across racial and ethnic group population within all communities at different geographical access [2]. It is to be believed that telehealth promoted by smartphones to facilitate the key healthcare management skills, quality without disparity proven to be good patient centric approach that also reduces the economic, physical and mental burden of the country [3]. It is again proved by the statistical figures comes out from one study that showed, progressive growing trend in the smartphone industries business for the purpose of the healthcare management [4]. There is the market of over 1100 diabetes care management related smartphones apps currently available to serve efficient healthcare (4). Despite their worldwide availability little is known about the effective management of the smartphone management in healthcare especially in diabetes care for setting goal in strict glycemic control. The lack of information related to smartphone management of diabetes care in developing countries may also become the major factor in increasing prevalence of diabetes episodes. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one the chronic metabolic disorder that gives rise to micro-and macro vascular complications, and for this reason the special care management is required for the effective management and strict glycemic control. International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimated that by 2040 9.0 billion world populations will suffer from DM that will lead to a vast expenditure of 802 billion US dollars [5]. Presently no cure for diabetes has been claimed by any research studies only management is there, so to compensate this, self-management of diabetes care and plays an important role in strict glycemic control. Smartphone management is one of the add on approach to diabetes care in developing and developed countries. Smartphone management of diabetes care are developing fast with smart features of blood glucose recording, life-style modifications, diet recommendations and also ways to control glycemic strictly with paperless technology. There are meta-analysis and systemic reviews there that support the effectiveness of smartphones in the self-management of the diabetes care [6-8]. Study published on strict glycemic control (HbA1c control) via smartphones self management of diabetes mellitus landed a hope for smartphones efficiency [9]. In the present review article, we review the role of smartphones in the self care management of DM that will effectively cause strict glycemic control.

As we know that diabetic mellitus is a pandemic problem spreading its root faster. Moreover medications and doctors are playing their important role in the management of diabetes mellitus and its associated complications. In today’s lifestyle it is almost not possible to be with doctor’s clinic whole day for your health. It’s also out duty to something play a role in this story of diabetes management i.e self care. Smartphones are one of the most popular ways for self management of diabetes mellitus. For instance if one person is reaching to its dining table filled with tasty stuffs, he or she would have taken their smartphones out of their pockets and ask their apps for the amount of stuff suited for their diet that would not affect their glycemic control. Isn’t a smart way to manage diabetes with smart phones? There are several apps presently available including My fitness Pal, Loselt, Nike, Your smart phone, itself, Track3, Glucose Buddy [10] that helps in the smart management of diabetes and provide self care.

Smartphones technologies are prove to be important in maintaining good health of diabetic patients, but still authenticate and undetermined role, with limited data and studies in diabetes care and self management, posing restrictions to promote the smartphones technology market.

This is a review article so; there is no need of informed consent of subjects. No subjects were participated in this study.

No human participants and animals were involved in this study.

The authors disclose no conflict of interest

None

1. Institute of Medicine (2012) The Role of Telehealth in an Evolving Health Care Environment: Workshop Summary. 2012.
2. http://www.pewinternet.org/fact-sheets/mobile-technology-factsheet/
3. Daschle T, Dorsey ER (2015) The return of the housecall. Ann Intern Med 162:587-588.
4. Istepanian R (2015) Professor Robert Istepanian is a Guest Speaker at 75th Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association, Boston, MA.
5. Ogurtsova K, da Rocha Fernandes JD, Huang Y, Linnenkamp U, Guariguata L, et al. (2017) IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global estimates for the prevalence of diabetes for 2015 and 2040. DRCP 128:40-50.
6. Nour M, Chen J, Allman-Farinelli M (2016) Efficacy and External Validity of Electronic and Mobile Phone- Based Interventions Promoting Vegetable Intake in Young Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Med Internet Res 18:e58.
7. Hall AK, Cole-Lewis H, Bernhardt JM (2015) Mobile text messaging for health: a systematic review of reviews. Annu Rev Public Health 36:393-415.
8. Devi BR, Syed-Abdul S, Kumar A, Iqbal U, Nguyen PA, et al. (2015) mHealth: An updated systematic review with a focus on HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis long term management using mobile phones. Comput Methods Programs Biomed 122:257-265.
9. Mulvaney SA, Ritterband LM, Bosslet L (2011) Mobile intervention design in diabetes: review and recommendations. Curr Diab Rep 11:486-493.
10. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/mount-sinai-health-system/get-smart-prevent-or mana_b_6270000.html

Citation: Raghav A, Ahmad J, Noor A, Mishra BK (2017) Role of Smartphones in Smart Management of Diabetes Mellitus: A Friend Always with You. J Diabetes Care Endocrinol 1:007.

Published: 15 December 2017

Copyright:

© 2017 Raghav. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.