Conference Proceeding

Linking the Land to the Sea Relationships: Building agricultural productive capacity, reducing pollution and restoring crucial nutrients for ecosystem recovery

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein,
Historically we have understood the water cycle as the process of rain falling to the land and with water coalescing to streams and rivers and running back to the ocean with evapo- transpiration occurring all the time, but mostly at the ocean level with the water returning to the sky to begin the process all over. However, in this simple cycle are complexities, that if understood, balancing and improving constitutions at each level of the model chain could be productivity improvements. First, let us understand that in the evapo- transpiration, the water that returns to the clouds is pure water. The nutrients, toxins, and affects of the water itself are left on earth some residing in the soil, some in the freshwater resources and most eventually dumped into the ocean. By looking closely at the nutrient changes there are ways to build the agricultural capacity, add natural products to reduce pollution elements and provide micronutrients that can be added at the agricultural inputs that can replace the need for most fertilizers and pesticides, but also enhance fisheries and coral ecosystem productivity. In this address the Ecosystem Based Analytical Approach will be explained to show that at each step of the water cycle, inputs, exchanges, and outcomes can be accessed just as a banking balance sheet. By understanding the equation, inputs can be modulated to increase outputs. This system also has the capacity to benefit from the monetization that is provided under the most recent Paris Climate Accord and mechanisms relating to National Adapted Mitigation Actions (NAMA) for paying for these enhancements. Recent financial models for agricultural production will also be explained for residual payments to farmers for tying into this linkage system. It is hoped that early adopters will be amongst the audience to take these messages and models back home for implementation.

Published: 28 July 2017


Copyright: © 2017 Leonard Sonnenschein. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.