Conference Proceeding

Evaluation of Spiritual Needs of Newly Diagnosed Patients with Advanced Breast Cancer at Mansoura University, Egypt

Prof. Dr. Karima Elshamy,
Mansoura University, Egypt

Prof. Dr. Karima Elshamy has a doctorate degree in nursing science from Cairo University, Egypt (DNSc). She is A. Prof. of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University, Egypt. She is AORTIC Vice President of North Africa. Prof. Karima is Vice President of International Federation of African Women for North Africa and chair of health committee. Prof. Karima is a member of Egypt Scholars Association Council.

Introduction: Despite the evidence supporting spiritual care in nursing and an increased quality of life among patients, patients feel that their spiritual needs are not being supported by medical professionals. Spiritual needs play an important role in palliative care as both a clinical dimension and a therapeutic strategy. However, recent studies have shown that the management of this dimension still remains a challenge at the clinical level of palliative care.
Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to evaluate the spiritual needs of patients newly diagnosed with advanced breast cancer at outpatient clinic of Oncology Center –Mansoura University, Egypt.
Methods: this exploratory study was conducted during six months from March to August 2015. The study included 62 adult female patients who were selected based on certain criteria. Data were collected using an interview and a self- administered questionnaire that was developed based on recent literature review; tool was validated and a pilot study was also conducted. Data were computerized using SPSS 15.0 and analyzed using a five-point Lickert scale.
Results: The most important spiritual needs were identified by patients was the need for religious expression, followed by the need for continuity and an afterlife. The least important spiritual needs were identified by patients were to get rid of obsessions; to achieve freedom from blame and the need for reconciliation and to feel forgiven by others.
Conclusions & Recommendations: Our study concluded that there are several needs related to the religious sphere that were highly valued by the patients. These results suggest that patients receiving palliative care wish to live for the present with as much normality as possible. The study underlines the importance of considering spiritual aspects of treatment, especially at the present moment.

Published: 11 May 2017