Conference Proceeding

Communal Living in African Cultural Context influencing the Care of Children Living with HIV and AIDS

Mr. Godwin Achema,
Nursing University of Kwazulu Natal, South Africa

Dr. Godwin Achema holds a PhD in Nursing Sciences, MSc in Medical Surgical Nursing, BSc. in Nursing education, Diploma in Pediatric Nursing and a Registered Nurse Certificate. Currently he is a senior researcher and a senior lecturer in a Nigerian University. He has worked across clinical and academic milieu and has also engaged in research across the African Continent. Senior Lecturer in Bowen University Iwo, Nigeria.

The communal African way of life can influence the care of children within the cultural framework. The purpose of this study was to analyze communal living in African cultural context as it influences the care of children living with HIV and AIDS. The Study adopted a qualitative research method with a grounded theory approach; nurse practitioners, caregivers, and stakeholders in HIV care participated with focus group discussions and individual interviews. Strauss and Corbin’s method of data analysis was employed in a bid to identify the emerging themes and concepts. The major themes that emerged include influence of communal living healing the minds, as people living within the same cultural framework provides assistive care to the children in ill-health; also, children’s integration in the cultural setting helps to provide care, and as they mix-up freely within the same cultural environment, friends and neighbors can provide assistance to the sick. Other themes identified as posing a challenge to care were heightened poverty and inadequacy of resources within community structures; uninformed social cultural context with illiteracy and ignorance; and social stigma within the cultural framework. The study concluded that communal living is a crucial element in the parameters of assistive care provision in the Igala cultural context. It is therefore implicated upon practice that children living with HIV and AIDS should be integrated within the cultural settings as their parameters of care are clearly defined within the environment rather than putting them in institutionalized settings.

Published: 05 May 2017